Rotor-Gene Probe PCR Kit
For ultrafast, real-time PCR and two-step RT-PCR using sequence-specific probes
For ultrafast, real-time PCR and two-step RT-PCR using sequence-specific probes
The Rotor-Gene Probe PCR Kit is designed for use with the Rotor-Gene Q and other Rotor-Gene cyclers, providing ultrafast, highly sensitive quantification of gDNA and cDNA targets with real-time PCR and two-step RT-PCR using sequence-specific probes. Outstanding performance is achieved through the combination of a specially optimized master mix and the unique Rotor-Gene cycler. For convenience, the master mix can be stored at 2–8°C.
IMPORTANT NOTE: As announced earlier, the production of the Rotor-Gene kits has been discontinued since mid-2021. Hence, these products will be available only until stocks last. Visit the product page of the successor kit to view improved features or to request a trial kit.
For more information and FAQs on this transition, visit: www.qiagen.com/PCRresource.
The Rotor-Gene Probe PCR Kit is well suited for use in quantitative PCR analysis (see figures " Highly sensitive and reproducible detection", " High precision in real-time PCR"), and provides reliable detection over a wide range of templates (see table and figures " High precision in real-time PCR", " Reliable detection down to 1 cell", and " Wide dynamic range").
|Copies||Mean CT||CT difference|
The Rotor-Gene Probe PCR Kit enables reliable real-time two-step RT-PCR quantification on the Rotor-Gene Q without the need for optimization of reaction and cycling conditions. The kit is designed for use with hydrolysis probes (e.g., TaqMan® probes). Highly specific amplification is assured through a balanced combination of K+ and NH4+ ions, which promote specific primer annealing, enabling high PCR specificity and sensitivity (see figure " Specific primer annealing"). Fast cycling without compromising performance is achieved using Q-Bond, a novel PCR additive that enables cycler run times of as low as 45 minutes (see figure " Fast primer annealing").
|HotStarTaq Plus DNA Polymerase||5 min activation at 95ºC||Set up of qPCR reactions at room temperature|
|Rotor-Gene Probe PCR Buffer||Balanced combination of NH4+ and K+ ions||Specific primer annealing ensures reliable qPCR results|
|Unique Q-Bond additive||Faster PCR run times enable faster results and more reactions per day|
Hydrolysis probes (e.g., TaqMan® probes) can be used in combination with the Rotor-Gene Probe PCR Kit on the Rotor-Gene Q for fast and sensitive quantification — simply add the primer-probe mix and template to the master mix.
For optimal results in real-time two-step RT-PCR, we recommend synthesizing cDNA using the QuantiTect Reverse Transcription Kit. The kit provides fast cDNA synthesis in just 20 minutes with integrated removal of genomic DNA contamination.
The Rotor-Gene Probe PCR Kit is for fast, real-time PCR and two-step RT-PCR of gDNA or cDNA targets using sequence-specific probes on the Rotor-Gene Q. It is also compatible with Rotor-Gene 3000 and the Rotor-Gene 6000 cyclers.
For ultrafast, one-step qRT-PCR gene expression analysis of RNA targets using sequence-specific probes on Rotor-Gene cyclers, use the Rotor-Gene Probe RT-PCR Kit.
|Applications||Real-time quantification of genomic DNA or cDNA targets|
|Description||For ultrafast quantitative real-time PCR and two-step RT-PCR using sequence-specific probes|
|Real-time or endpoint||Real-time|
|Reaction type||Real-time PCR and two-step RT-PCR|
|Sample/target type||DNA, cDNA|
|SYBR Green I or sequence-specific probes||Sequence-specific probes|
|Single or multiplex||Single|
|Thermal cycler||Rotor-Gene Q, Rotor-Gene 3000, Rotor-Gene 6000|
|With or without ROX||Without ROX dye|
Yes, please visit our website section 'Using endogenous control genes in real-time RT-PCR' for general information. It provides a list of relative gene expression levels for commonly used human and mouse reference genes.
We offer a set of ready-to-order control genes for use in SYBR Green based as well as probe based real-time RT-PCR.
In addition, you may want to refer to the following citations on reference gene selection for quantitative real-time PCR:
• Vandesompele J, De Preter K, Pattyn F, Poppe B, Van Roy N, DePaepe A, Speleman F : Accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data by geometric averaging of multiple internal control genes. Genome Biol 2002, 3:0034.
• Radonic A, Thulke S, Mackay IM, Landt O, Siegert W, Nitsche A., 2004. Guideline to reference gene selection for quantitative real-time PCR. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 313(4): 856-62.
• Katrien Smits,Karen Goossens, Ann Van Soom, Jan Govaere, Maarten Hoogewijs, Emilie Vanhaesebrouck,Cesare Galli, Silvia Colleoni, Jo Vandesompele, and Luc Peelman Selection of reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR in equine in vivo and fresh and frozen-thawed in vitro blastocysts. BMC Res Notes. Dec 11;2:246.
Rotor-Gene Probe Kits are specially developed for Rotor-Gene cyclers. The unique rotary system of the cyclers combined with the kits’ proprietary buffer system enable ultrafast cycling. Rotor-Gene Probe Kits do not contain ROX dye.
No. The master mixes in Rotor-Gene Kits contain dTTP instead of dUTP. If UNG treatment is required, we recommend using QuantiTect +UNG Kits. QuantiTect Kits are also compatible with the Rotor-Gene Q; however, the kits require a significantly longer cycling time.
The buffer composition, which affects the initial reactivation of HotStarTaq Plus DNA Polymerase, has been optimized for each respective Rotor-Gene Kit.
Yes, use the assays at a final concentration of 1x with Rotor-Gene Probe Kits on the Rotor-Gene Q cycler.
Our unique multiplex PCR buffer system with ammonium and potassium ions and Factor MP has been further optimized in QuantiFast and Rotor-Gene Kits. We have also discovered Q-Bond, a buffer component which supports the rapid formation of the polymerase–primer–template complex, leading to reduced annealing times.
The majority of the Rotor-Gene Kit data shown in our literature has been generated with the help of the QIAgility instrument. We did not observe any problems during the pipetting steps.
Rotor-Gene Kits are specifically developed for the Rotor-Gene Q PCR Cycler. The unique rotary system of the cycler combined with the kits’ proprietary buffer system enable ultrafast cycling. Rotor-Gene Kits do not contain ROX dye since no normalization to a passive reference is required. Also, Rotor-Gene Kits do not contain dUTP; therefore, UNG pretreatment is not possible.
Yes. Rotor-Gene Kits will also work on the Rotor-Gene 6000 and Rotor-Gene 3000 PCR cyclers with the cycling conditions specified in the Rotor-Gene kit handbooks.
Check the template quality and integrity by amplifying an endogenous control gene. Check the amplicon by QIAxcel Advanced system or agarose gel electrophoresis to show that amplification was successful.
Determine whether the gene of interest is expressed in your sample. See How can I find out if my gene of interest is express in a specific tissue type or cell line. Ensure the assay setup and cycling conditions are correct, and that the data collection channel matches the emission wavelength of the fluorescent dye used. Use a control sample in which the gene of interest is definitely expressed.
If the issue persists, please send the original run file to QIAGEN Technical Services.
No. UNG treatment does not provide any advantage for the QuantiFast and Rotor-Gene PCR kits because the mastermixes do not contain dUTP. Use the QuantiTect kits if you intend to use the UNG treatment.
Ensure PCR amplicons are as short as possible, ideally 60–150 bp. Always use the same algorithm or software to design the primers and probes. For optimal results, only combine assays that have been designed using the same parameters.
Check the functionality of each set of primers and probes in individual assays before combining the different sets in the multiplex assay. Choose compatible reporters and quenchers based on a specific instrument. See How do I select appropriate reporter and quencher combinations for multiplex PCR.
For duplex analysis, using non-fluorescent quenchers (e.g., Black Hole Quencher®) is preferred over fluorescent quenchers (e.g., TAMRA fluorescent dye). For triplex and 4-plex analysis, QIAGEN strongly recommends using non-fluorescent quenchers. Generally, use the green channel, the yellow channel, and the orange and crimson channels to detect the least abundant target, the second least abundant target, and the two most abundant targets, respectively. For instrument-specific recommendations, please see the handbooks for the QuantiTect Multiplex PCR kit, QuantiFast Multiplex kit or Rotor-Gene Multiplex kit.
The REST 2009 (Relative Expression Software Tool) software applies mathematic models that compensate for the different PCR efficiencies of the gene of interest and reference genes. In addition, the software can use multiple reference gene normalization to improve the reliability of result, as well as provides statistical information suitable for robust comparison of expression in groups of treated and untreated. QIAGEN offers the REST 2009 software free of charge.
Depending on primer design and copy number of target, primer-dimer may occur and its signal might be detected. Typical strategies against this are to optimize PCR conditions and/or redesign the assay.
Alternatively, an additional data-acquisition step can be added to the 3-step cycling protocol. First, determine the melting temperatures (Tm) for both the amplicon and the primer-dimer. Then, add a 15 second data-acquisition step with a temperature that is higher than the primer-dimer Tm, but approximately 3ºC lower than the specific amplicon Tm.
Reliable HRM analysis results depend on template quality, highly specific HRM PCR kit with a saturation dye, a real-time instrument with HRM capability, and powerful software package. Factors critical for successful HRM analysis are:
For more details, please refer to the HRM Technology – FAQs and the Critical Success Factor for HRM performance.
The gDNA wipeout buffer incubation step can be skipped when the total RNA is free from genomic DNA. However, the gDNA wipeout buffer is still required to be added because the reverse transcription step is optimized in the presence of components in the gDNA wipeout buffer.
If the extra peaks seem irregular or noisy, do not occur in all samples, and occur at temperatures less than 70 ºC, then these peaks may not represent real PCR products and instead may represent artifacts caused by instrument settings.
Usually extra peaks caused by secondary products are smooth and regular, occur reproducibly in most samples, and occur at temperatures greater than 70 ºC. Characterization of the product by agarose gel electrophoresis is the best way to distinguish between these cases. If only one band appears by agarose gel then the extra peaks in the dissociation curve are instrument artifacts and not real products. If this is the case, refer to the thermal cycler user manual, and confirm that all instrument settings (smooth factor, etc.) are set to their optimal values.