Analyzing DNA

Quantification of DNA

Reliable measurement of DNA concentration is important for many applications in molecular biology. Spectrophotometry and fluorometry are commonly used to measure both genomic and plasmid DNA concentration. Spectrophotometry can be used to measure microgram quantities of pure DNA samples (i.e., DNA that is not contaminated by proteins, phenol, agarose, or RNA). Fluorometry is more sensitive, allowing measurement of nanogram quantities of DNA, and furthermore, the use of Hoechst 33258 dye allows specific analysis of DNA.