TissueRuptor II

For low-throughput sample disruption for molecular analysis


The TissueRuptor II is intended for molecular biology applications. This product is not intended for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease.
TissueRuptor II (230 V, 50/60 Hz, EU/CH)

Cat. No. / ID:  9002756

Handheld rotor–stator homogenizer, 230 V, 50/60 Hz (for Europe [excluding UK and Ireland]), 5 TissueRuptor Disposable Probes
TissueRuptor Disposable Probes (25)

Cat. No. / ID:  990890

25 nonsterile plastic disposable probes for use with the TissueRuptor II (and the old TissueRuptor)


  • Rapid, effective disruption of a range of sample types
  • Disposable probes help to minimize cross-contamination
  • Time savings through use of disposable probes
  • Visual monitoring of disruption using transparent probes
  • Seamless integration with QIAGEN sample technologies

Product Details

The TissueRuptor II is a handheld rotor-stator homogenizer that provides rapid, efficient and flexible disruption of human, animal and plant samples for a wide range of downstream applications. The TissueRuptor II uses transparent disposable probes, which helps to minimize the risk of cross-contamination and enables visual control of the sample disruption process. Use of a disposable probe also provides time savings as the probe does not have to be cleaned after homogenization of each sample.
The TissueRuptor II has all the same features and functionality as the old TissueRuptor.


QIAGEN has tested use of the TissueRuptor II in combination with proven QIAGEN sample preparation kits. Sample disruption with the TissueRuptor II ensures maximal yields of nucleic acids and proteins that perform well in downstream applications such as PCR, western blotting and enzyme assays (see figure " High performance results in PCR"). For most tissues, disruption and homogenization using the TissueRuptor II gives comparable results to traditional rotor–stator homogenization (see figure " Pure RNA with high RIN values"). Effective disruption of tissue samples using the TissueRuptor II allows reproducible purification of high-quality DNA and RNA using QIAGEN nucleic acid purification kits (see figures " Pure RNA with high RIN values," " Reproducible purification of high-quality genomic DNA" and "Efficient disruption and homogenization of animal tissues").

See figures


Genotyping, gene expression and proteomics applications demand effective disruption of biological samples to ensure high yields of DNA, RNA and protein. The TissueRuptor II system delivers thorough and rapid disruption of samples to fully release biomolecules, and also simultaneously homogenizes samples to facilitate subsequent purification procedures using QIAGEN kits (see table).

The TissueRuptor II is an integral part of QIAGEN's complete solution for sample management — from sample collection to purification and analysis of DNA, RNA and protein. Optimized protocols integrate sample disruption with biomolecule purification, enabling a streamlined, efficient workflow. In addition, a range of automated solutions allow purification and analysis of biomolecules at low to high throughputs.

QIAGEN also provides RNAprotect Tissue Reagent (to stabilize RNA) and Allprotect Tissue Reagent (to stabilize DNA, RNA and protein). Tissues collected in these reagents can also be easily disrupted with the TissueRuptor II.

QIAGEN purification kits compatible with QIAGEN disruption systems
Analyte purified Sample type QIAGEN kit
RNA Easy-to-lyse tissue

RNeasy Kits

RNeasy Plus Kits
RNeasy Protect Kits
RNA Fiber-rich tissue RNeasy Fibrous Tissue Kits
RNA All types of tissue RNeasy Lipid Tissue Kits
RNeasy Universal Tissue Kits
RNA Plant tissue RNeasy Plant Mini Kit
microRNA All types of tissue miRNeasy Kits
DNA Human tissue QIAamp DNA Kits
DNA Animal tissue DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kits
Protein Tissue Qproteome Mammalian Protein Prep Kit
DNA and RNA Tissue AllPrep DNA/RNA Kits
DNA, RNA, and protein Tissue AllPrep DNA/RNA/Protein Mini Kit


The TissueRuptor II is a portable device with a TissueRuptor Disposable Probe. The blade of the probe rotates at a high speed, causing simultaneous disruption and homogenization of a sample through a combination of turbulence and mechanical shearing. Samples that can be processed include human, animal and plant tissues (for plant tissues that are more difficult to disrupt, the TissueLyser II is recommended). Disruption at full speed for as little as 30 seconds is usually sufficient to release nucleic acids or proteins from starting material.

After disruption of a sample, the TissueRuptor Disposable Probe can be discarded, and a new probe can be used to disrupt the next sample. Time is saved and cross-contamination is avoided, as there is no need to clean and reuse the same probe. In addition, the TissueRuptor Disposable Probe is transparent, which allows visual monitoring of the sample disruption process.


The TissueRuptor II enables efficient disruption and homogenization of human, plant and animal samples, including clotted blood. Purification of RNA, DNA, total nucleic acids or protein can then be performed using QIAGEN kits.

Supporting data and figures


Disruption principleSimultaneous disruption and homogenization by rotation of the blade of the disposable probe
TechnologyHandheld rotor-stator homogenizer
Kits compatible with instrumentAll Kits for purification of RNA/DNA/protein
Technical dataAUS/EU/UK: 230 V, 144 W, 50/60 Hz, 5000-35,000 rpm; NA: 120 V, 144 W, 50/60 Hz, 5000-35,000 rpm; Japan: 100 V, 125 W, 50/60 Hz, 5000-28,000 rpm
Typical run time15–120 seconds
FeaturesRapid, effective disruption of a range of sample types. Disposable probes minimize risk of cross-contamination. Time savings through use of disposable probes. Visual monitoring of disruption using transparent probes. Seamless integration with QIAGEN sample technologies.
Throughput1 sample per run


Kit Handbooks (1)
For low-throughput disruption of biological samples using disposable probes
Safety Data Sheets (1)
Gene Expression Analysis (1)
Instrument User Manuals (1)
Certificates of Analysis (1)


2. Can the TissueRuptor stainless steel probe be autoclaved?

Yes, the stainless steel probe can be autoclaved.

FAQ ID -9141
What effect does homogenization have on DNA yield and integrity when using AllPrep DNA/RNA Kits?

Yield and integrity of genomic DNA depend on the disruption and homogenization method used with the Allprep DNA/RNA Kits.

Homogenization with the TissueRuptor (or other rotor–stator homogenizer, such as the Polytron) or the TissueLyser results in greater DNA fragmentation (depending on homogenization time and intensity). However, shorter DNA fragments are easier to elute, so DNA yields will be higher.

In contast, homogenization using the QIAshredder (or a syringe and needle) is more gentle, resulting in less DNA fragmentation. However, longer DNA fragments are more difficult to elute, so DNA yields may be lower.


FAQ ID -1751
How can I improve DNA yields from very tough tissues using the DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kit or the QIAamp DNA Mini Kit?

Efficient DNA isolation requires thorough sample disruption and digestion.

Although the QIAamp and DNeasy procedures requires no mechanical disruption of the tissue sample, the lysis time will be reduced if the sample is ground in liquid nitrogen or mechanically homogenized in advance. For mechanical homogenization, a rotor–stator homogenizer, such as the QIAGEN TissueRuptor, or a bead mill, such as the QIAGEN TissueLyser, can be used.

To improve digestion of tough tissue samples, Proteinase K incubation at 56°C can be performed overnight. DNA yields may be improved by increasing the amount of Proteinase K or by adding additional proteinase K after several hours of digestion.  

FAQ ID -374
What is the minimum liquid volume that should be used with the TissueRuptor
The minimum volume that should be used is 180 µl in a suitably sized vessel (e.g., 2 ml microcentrifuge tube).
FAQ ID -9144
Which homogenization method do you recommend for tissues stored in Allprotect Tissue Reagent?

We recommend using either the TissueRuptor or the TissueLyser for homogenization of tissues stored in Allprotect Tissue Reagent.

Since tissues incubated in Allprotect Tissue Reagent are harder than fresh tissues, longer homogenization times might be necessary (for details, see the Allprotect Tissue Reagent Handbook).

Furthermore, we do not recommend using rotor–stator homogenizers with a metal probe (e.g., Polytron) if proteins will be purified subsequently, as the metal probe can heat the sample.


FAQ ID -1572
Can I use Buffer ATL for disruption of my samples with TissueRuptor, TissueLyser II, or TissueLyser LT instruments?

Buffer ATL can produce foam when used in conjunction with the TissueRuptor. You can add 0.5% final volume of Reagent DX (cat. no. 19088) to prevent the formation of foam.

FAQ ID -9143
3. Can the TissueRuptor instrument be autoclaved?

We do not recommend to autoclave any part of the TissueRuptor, except the probe adapter for disposable probes.

FAQ ID -9142
Can the TissueRuptor Disposable Probes be autoclaved?

Disposable probes can be autoclaved up to 5 times (15 min, 120°C).

FAQ ID -9140
Can the disposable probes be re-used? How should they be washed?
We do not recommend using the probes more than 5 times. Several options for sterilizing and decontaminating the probes can be found in the TissueRuptor User Manual and TissueRuptor Handbook.
FAQ ID -9146
What is the catalog number for steel probes and disposable probes for use with QIAGEN’s TissueRuptor instrument? What are the dimensions of these probes?
  • TissueRuptor Disposable Probes (catalog no. 990890) have a diameter of 7 mm (0.3 in) and are 110 mm (4.3 in) long. They are supplied as a pack of 25.
  • TissueRuptor Steel Probe (catalog no. 9017341) has a diameter of 7 mm (0.3 in) and are 85 mm (3.3 in) long. They are supplied as 1 per pack.

To place an order or to enquire pricing, please contact QIAGEN Customer Care.

FAQ ID -9145