Are HCP at increased risk for TB infection?
Healthcare personnel (HCP) include both paid and unpaid individuals in healthcare settings who may come into contact with patients or infectious materials, directly or indirectly. Healthcare personnel come in various roles, like doctors, nurses, students, and even non-clinical staff such as administrators, janitors, and volunteers. They all work in healthcare settings and can be exposed to infectious materials that might be passed between patients and staff (1).
They face a higher risk of contracting tuberculosis (TB) than the general population (2,3). TB can spread between patients and HCP in healthcare settings, and this happens worldwide, regardless of the TB rates in a given country (3).
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel: Infrastructure and Routine Practices for Occupational Infection Prevention and Control Services (2019). https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/guidelines/healthcare-personnel/appendix/terminology.html (accessed October 24, 2023)
- Diel, R., Seidler, A., Nienhaus, A., Rusch-Gerdes, S., Niemann, S. (2005) Occupational risk of tuberculosis transmission in a low incidence area. Respir. Res. 6.
- Baussanon, I., Nunn, P., Williams, B., Pivetta, E., Bugiani, M., Scano, F. (2011) Tuberculosis among health care workers. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 17(3), 488-494.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. TB Screening and Testing of Health Care Personnel (2022). https://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/testing/healthcareworkers.htm (accessed October 24, 2023)
- Lewinsohn, D.M. et al. (2017) Official American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Clinical Practice Guidelines: Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Adults and Children. Clin Infect Dis. 64, 111-115.