dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays

For digital PCR detection of microbial targets, including bacterial, fungal, parasitic, viral, antibiotic resistance or virulence factor genes

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dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays

Cat. No. / ID: 250207

One tube with lyophilized assay, dye (fluorophore) configurable, 200 reactions (40 µl reaction in Nanoplate 26k)
dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays are intended for molecular biology applications. These products are not intended for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease.
CONFIGURE AT GeneGlobe
dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays are intended for molecular biology applications. These products are not intended for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease.

✓ 24/7 automatic processing of online orders

✓ Knowledgeable and professional Product & Technical Support

✓ Fast and reliable (re)-ordering

Features

  • Detect microbial species, virulence genes, viruses or antibiotic resistance genes
  • Assays for more than 680 targets
  • Dye selection enables multiplexing of up to 5 targets per reaction
  • Simple and fast dPCR workflow on the QIAcuity
  • Combine microbial DNA and viral RNA targets in one reaction using the QIAcuity OneStep Advanced Probe Kit

Product Details

Microbial identification and profiling are of interest to many fields including human health, food and feed testing and environmental testing. Microbial identification determines the presence or absence of a microbe in a sample, while microbial profiling determines its relative expression under two or more experimental conditions, thus requiring a reference sample and a normalizer.

Our dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays target bacterial, fungal, parasitic, viral, antibiotic resistance or virulence factor genes. For bacteria, the assays target the 16S rRNA gene, and for fungi, they target ribosomal RNA genes. The portfolio consists of over 680 different assays, 200 of which are dPCR wet-lab tested (see assay details in GeneGlobe).

Each assay consists of a primer pair and a hydrolysis probe with a configurable fluorophore dye. The available fluorophores are FAM, HEX, ROX, TAMRA and Cy5, and these can be mixed and matched to support analysis of up to five different targets in one multiplex dPCR reaction. We also offer wet-lab tested dPCR 5-plex assay bundles for analyzing common targets of interest; see Applications below for more details. For the dPCR reaction, the assay is combined with the QIAcuity Probe PCR Kit (DNA targets) or the QIAcuity OneStep Advanced Probe Kit (RNA targets).

The kit works in conjunction with the QIAcuity Digital PCR System and the QIAcuity Nanoplates.

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Performance

Accurate and precise detection

The dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays and the QIAcuity dPCR System enable accurate digital PCR-based quantification. Analysis of NIST reference material showed the expected concentration of input template. See figure Quantification of the NIST reference standard 8376 using the gDNA from Shigella sonnei for more details.

Performance in multiplex

Multiplex dPCR-based detection of microbial targets offers a flexible setup of small panels in fewer reactions, thus conserving precious samples. Multiplexing also boosts the analysis throughput, as it requires fewer Nanoplate wells and increases the number of samples that can be analyzed in each run. Our dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays can be combined for multiplex analysis.

You can combine your own assays for multiplexing by ordering single assays with different dyes (FAM, HEX, TAMRA, ROX or Cy5). Or, you can choose from our offering of 5-plex assay bundles, which have already wet-lab tested in dPCR by our scientists. Other combinations of the >685 assays should be verified in your own lab.

A comparison between singleplex and multiplex analysis using the dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays shows similar and highly precise quantification for all targets (see figure Microbial detection in multiplex dPCR on QIAcuity). In addition to precise target quantification, a 5-plex dPCR run also shows highly specific detection of different microbial water pathogens (see figure Water microbial pathogen detection in 5-plex on QIAcuity).

Principle

The dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays are intended for use in nanoplate digital PCR. Each assay is based on an endpoint PCR amplification of a species-specific genetic region of the relevant microbe or a region of an individual microbial gene. The amplified product is detected using target-specific fluorescent hydrolysis probes, which improves the specificity of the assay.

Assays for detecting bacterial species target the ribosomal RNA genes – mainly the 16S ribosomal RNA gene – and were designed using the GreenGenes database for 16S sequences and type strain DNA sequences deposited at NCBI. Assays for fungal, viral and metazoan species target different target-specific genetic regions, including ribosomal RNA genes and other individual marker genes, each deposited at NCBI. Various databases were used for the design of assays for antibiotic resistance genes (e.g., lahey.org, ARDB, etc.) and virulence factor genes (e.g., VFDB).

The principle of the dPCR reaction in the nanoplates is described here.

Procedure

The dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assay protocol is simple and can be performed in any laboratory with the QIAcuity dPCR instrument. DNA is isolated from the sample and is added to the ready-to-use QIAcuity Probe Mastermix and Microbial DNA-Free Water (UCP water). This mix is aliquoted into each well of the dPCR pre-plate, which contains pre-dispensed sets of primers and hydrolysis probes. The reaction mixes are transferred from the pre-plate to the wells of a dPCR Nanoplate, which is then sealed and transferred to the QIAcuity dPCR instrument (see figure A simple and rapid plate-based workflow). The partitioning, cycling and imaging steps are fully automated by the QIAcuity dPCR instrument following the preset parameters. Depending on the cycling protocol, the results of the dPCR run can be analyzed in the QIAcuity Software Suite after ~2 hours (see figure Microbial dPCR in about 2 hours with minimal hands-on time).

Applications

The dPCR Microbial DNA Detection Assays are highly suited for the detection of bacterial, fungal and viral species and microbial antibiotic resistance or virulence factor genes. A variety of samples can be analyzed, including stool, sputum, vaginal swab, sewage and others.

dPCR wet-lab tested 5-plex bundles

Bundle ID Application Field Assay Catalog
Numbers and
Fluorophore*
Targets (NCBI Taxonomy ID)
WW-001 Wastewater 1 DMA00278-F
DMA00291-R
DMA00340-H
DMA00192-T
DMA00344-C
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (287)
Salmonella enterica (28901)
Vibrio cholerae (666)
Legionella pneumophila (446)
Yersinia enterocolitica (630)
WW-002 Wastewater 2 DMA00340-H
DMA00344-R
DMA00199-C
DMA00192-T
DMA00710-F
Vibrio cholerae (666)
Yersinia enterocolitica (630)
Listeria monocytogenes (1639)
Legionella pneumophila (446)
Human corona virus SARS-CoV-2 (2697049)
WW-003 Wastewater 3 DMA00109-F
DMA00192-H
DMA00340-T
DMA00194-R
DMA00344-C
Clostridium perfringens (1502)
Legionella pneumophila (446)
Vibrio cholerae (666)
Leptospira alexanderi (100053)
Yersinia enterocolitica (630)
HM-001 Human Microbiome 1 DMA00148-F
DMA00143-T
DMA00024-R
DMA00003-C
DMA00150-H
Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (853)
Eubacterium rectale (39491)
Akkermansia muciniphila (239935)
Acidaminococcus fermentans (951)
Finegoldia magna (1260)
PB-001 Probiotics 1 DMA00177-F
DMA00185-T
DMA00061-C
DMA00137-R
DMA00320-H
Lactobacillus acidophilus (1579)
Lactiplantibacillus plantarum (1590)
Bifidobacterium bifidum (1681)
Enterococcus faecium (1352)
Streptococcus salivarius (1304)
RG-001 Resistance Genes 1 DMA00566-F
DMA00542-H
DMA00576-T
DMA00574-R
DMA00575-C
Fluoroquinolone resistance gene QnrS
Class D beta-lactamase OXA-10 group
Vancomycin resistance gene vanB
Tetracycline efflux pump gene tetA
Tetracycline efflux pump gene tetB
RG-002 Resistance Genes 2 DMA00557-T
DMA00528-R
DMA00548-F
DMA00587-H
DMA00553-C
Fluoroquinolone resistance geneQepA
Class B beta-lactamase blaVIM-1 group
Class D beta-lactamase OXA-48 group
Sulfonamide resistance gene sul1 (43904)
Class D beta-lactamase OXA-58 group
VG-001 Virulence Genes 1 DMA00614-F
DMA00635-T
DMA00677-H
DMA00680-R
DMA00597-C
Minor fimbrial subunit (fimH)
Gamma-hemolysin component B (hlgB)
Shiga-like toxin 1 subunit B encoded within prophage CP-933V
Shiga toxin subunit B; receptor binding subunit
Accessory cholera enterotoxin (ace)
CP-001 Cannabis Production 1 DMA00278-F
DMA00302-H
DMA00365-R
DMA00199-C
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (287)
Staphylococcus aureus (1280)
Aspergillus niger (5061)
Listeria monocytogenes (1639)
HM-002 Human Microbiome 2 DMA00271-F
DMA00017-T
DMA00049-C
DMA00142-H
DMA00317-R
Prevotella oralis (28134)
Actinomyces viscosus (1656)
Bacteroides fragilis (817)
Eubacterium infirmum (56774)
Streptococcus oralis (1303)
RG-003 Resistance Genes 3 DMA00579-F
DMA00577-T
DMA00573-R
DMA00502-H
DMA00559-C
aac(6')-Ib
vanC
oprm
QnrB-1 group
CTX-M-1 Group
VG-002 Virulence Genes 2 DMA00664-F
DMA00677-H
DMA00678-T
DMA00642-R
DMA00680-C
ply
stx1B
stx2A
invA
stxB
VG-003 Virulence Genes 3 DMA00688-F
DMA00668-H
DMA00596-T
DMA00597-R
DMA00611-C
wbkA
ptxA
ace (E. faecalis)
ace (V. cholerae)
efaA

* F: FAM, H: HEX, T: TAMRA, R: ROX or C: Cy5

Supporting data and figures

Resources

Technical Information (1)
Detect microbial targets – bacterial, fungal, parasitic, viral, antibiotic resistance and virulence factor genes – using digital PCR
Kit Handbooks (1)
Brochures & Guides (2)
Detect microbial targets – bacterial, fungal, parasitic, viral, antibiotic resistance and virulence factor genes – using digital PCR
A versatile workflow for the detection of low-abundance microbes