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Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays

For sensitive assessment of cell signaling activities in virtually any mammalian cell type

  • Transduce virtually any mammalian cell type
  • Transduce nondividing cells, stem cells, and differentiated cells
  • Use for transient experiments or develop stable cell line reporters
  • Transduction-ready lentivirus requires no further preparation

Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays are ready-to-transduce lentiviral particles for assessing cell signaling activities in virtually any mammalian cell type.

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Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays are intended for molecular biology applications. These products are not intended for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease.


0
Determination of pathway activity in human primary cells.
The Cignal Lenti NFAT Reporter Assay was used to determine PKA/Ca2+ pathway activity. Cignal Lenti NFAT Reporter Assay (luc) (4 x 105 TU) and Cignal Lenti Renilla Control (luc) (1 x 105 TU) cotransduced around 10,000 normal human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC). After 48 hours transduction, medium was changed to assay medium. After 54 hours transduction, cells were treated with 10 ng/ml PMA and 0.5 µM ionomycin for 18 hours. Dual-luciferase assay was performed, and promoter activity values are expressed as arbitrary units using a Renilla reporter for internal normalization. Experiments were performed in triplicate and the standard deviation is shown.
1
Notch signaling activity in rat glioma cells.
The Cignal Lenti RBP-Jk Reporter Assay was used to measure Notch signaling activity in C6 (rat glioma) cells. Cignal Lenti RBP-Jk Reporter Assay (luc) (2 x 105 TU) and Cignal Lenti Renilla Control (luc; 2 x 104 TU) transduced around 20,000 C6 cells. After 24 hours transduction, medium was changed to complete medium. After 48 hours transduction, cells were infected with 100 MOI of recombinant adenoviruses expressing constitutive active Notch1 (Ad-NICD) or 100 MOI of recombinant adenovirus expressing GFP (Ad-GFP). Dual-luciferase assay was performed 18 hours after infection, and promoter activity values are expressed as arbitrary units using a Renilla reporter for internal normalization. Experiments were performed in triplicate and the standard deviation is shown.
2

Measurement of NFκB pathway activity.

The Cignal Lenti NFκB Reporter Assay was used to measure NFκB pathway activity in thymocytic cells (D1; Murine T-cell leukemia cells). Cignal Lenti NFκB Reporter Assay (luc) (2.5 x 105 TU) transduced around 10,000 D1 cells. After 48 hours transduction, cells were treated with 20 ng/ml recombinant mouse TNFα (hTNFα) protein for 18 hours. Luciferase assay was performed and promoter activity values are expressed as arbitrary units. Experiments were performed in triplicate and the standard deviation is shown.
3
Advantage of using dual luciferase system.
Cignal Lenti HIF-1 Reporter (luc) (1.5 x 105 TU) transduced around 15,000 HepG2 cells (24 hours before transduction 7,500 cells were plated per well of 96-well plate) with and without Cignal Lenti Renilla control (3 x 104 TU). After 42 hours of transduction, medium was changed to assay medium (Opti-MEM + 0.5% FBS + 0.1mM NEAA + 1mM Sodium pyruvate + 100 U/ml penicillin + 100 µg/ml streptomycin). After 48 hours of transduction, cells were treated with 300 µM of CoCl2 for 18 hours. Luciferase or dual-luciferase assay was performed, and promoter activity values are expressed as arbitrary units using a Renilla reporter for internal normalization. Experiments were done in triplicates, and the standard deviation is indicated. The utilization of the dual-luciferase system (cotransduction of Cignal Lenti Renilla Control along with Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay (luc)) improves the fold induction change in hypoxia signaling activity, as normalization of firefly luciferase activity with Renilla luciferase activity corrects for cell death caused by the treatment.
4
Stable cell line generation
The Cignal Lenti NFkB Reporter Assay (luc) was used to generate an NFkB pathway sensor cell line for the study of the NFkB signal transduction pathway. The NFkB sensor cell line was developed by transduction of HEK-293 cells with the Cignal Lenti NFkB Reporter Assay (luc), followed by selection of a clonal population that maintained stable chromosomal integration of the lentiviral vector provirus and responded strongly to stimuli known to activate the NFkB pathway. The generation of stable HEK-293 NFkB sensor cell line was confirmed by testing the cell line with 10 ng/ml of recombinant hTNFα after 1, 5, 10, and 15 passages of the cell line. Stimulation of the NFkB pathway by hTNFα results in up to a 100-fold increase in expression of the reporter gene even after 2 months of cell culture.
5
Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay procedure.
6
Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay.
7
Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays.
Performance
Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays are highly suited for use in studies of cell signaling in primary cells, stem cells, and difficult-to-transfect cell lines (see figures "Determination of pathway activity in human primary cells", "Notch signaling activity in rat glioma cells", "Measurement of NFkB pathway activity" and "Advantage of using dual luciferase system"). They may also be used in the generation of stable cell lines (see figure "Stable cell line generation") and in high-throughput screening of siRNAs.
Principle

Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays utilize a unique combination of transcription factor reporter technology coupled with lentiviral delivery. Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays consist of multiple repeats of a specific transcription factor’s binding site and basic promoter elements to drive the expression of a reporter gene (firefly luciferase or GFP).

Lentiviruses are one of the most effective vehicles to introduce reporter constructs in almost all mammalian cells — including nondividing cells. A transduced lentiviralreporter construct is integrated into cellular genomic DNA and provides stable, long-term expression of a reporter gene.

These reporters are powerful tools in functional genomics and drug discovery for assessing pathway activity. When the pathway is activated or inhibited by a drug candidate, gene knockdown (using siRNA), overexpression event (expression vectors), or peptide, luciferase or GFP reporter activity is modulated and can be measured quantitatively and rapidly.

Safety

The Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays are ready-to-transduce, replication incompetent, HIV-based, VSV-G pseudotyped lentiviral particles (see figure "Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay" and table "Features of Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays"). The Cignal lentiviral particles are safe to use. It is recommended that they be treated as Risk Group Level 2 (RGL-2) organisms. Follow all published RGL-2 guidelines for handling and waste decontamination. Details on the requirements for creating a BSL-2 work environment are available in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services publication Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, 4th edition.

The biosafety features engineered into these vectors include the following: 

A deletion in the promoter/enhancer region of the U3 portion of 3' LTR that ensures self-inactivation of the lentiviral construct after transduction and integration into the genomic DNA of target cells 
The Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay and plasmids express packaging proteins contain no significant areas of homology, minimizing any chance for recombination 
None of the HIV-1 genes (gag, pol, rev) are expressed in transduced cells, since they are expressed from packaging plasmids lacking packaging signal. Therefore, the lentiviral particles generated are replication-incompetent 
No virulence genes (vpr, vif, vpu, and nef) are present in the Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay

 

Features of Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays
FeatureFunction
RSV-5' LTR: Hybrid Rous Sarcoma Virus (RSV) enhancer/promoter-U5 long terminal repeat Permits viral packaging and reverse transcription of viral mRNA
Psi: Packaging signal Allows viral packaging
RRE: Rev response element Involved in packaging of viral transcript
Cppt: Central polypurine tract Involved in nuclear translocation and integration of transduced viral genome
Reporter gene (firefly luciferase or GFP) Allows quantification of transcription
hPGK: human phosphoglycerate kinase eukaryotic promoter Permits high-level expression of the mammalian selection marker (puromycin)
PuroR: puromycin resistance gene Can be used for mammalian selection
SIN/3' LTR: 3' self-inactivating long terminal repeat Modified 3' LTR that allows viral packaging but self-inactivates the 5' LTR for biosafety reasons, the element also contains a polyadenylation signal for efficient transcription termination
f1 ori: f1 origin of replication Allows episomal replication of plasmid in eukaryotic cells
AmpR: ampicillin resistance gene Allows selection of the plasmid in E. coli
TRE: Transcription response element Permits regulation of reporter gene expression by a specific transcription factor
TATA box Acts as an minimal promoter

Procedure

Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays are immediately ready for transduction, without the need to further generate or propagate lentivirus. These vectors are highly suited for transient transduction studies in difficult to transfect cells or for stable, pathway sensor cell line generation.

Transient pathway regulation studies in difficult-to-transfect cell lines

Target cells are transduced with the Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay. The cells are typically cultured for 24–48 hours to ensure lentivirus integration. The cultures are then treated with the biological agents of interest (siRNA, shRNA, chemical compound, viral expression vector, protein, or peptide). Reporter assays (firefly luciferase or GFP) are carried out 18–36 hours post-treatment, depending upon the treatment conditions (see flowchart "Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay procedure").

Stable pathway sensor cell line generation

Target cells are transduced with the Cignal Lenti Reporter Assay. Following transduction, the cells are cultured with puromycin selection to generate a homogenous population of transduced cells. If necessary, single-cell cloning may be carried out in order to isolate a clonal pathway sensor cell line. These pathway sensor cell lines serve as a valuable cell-based assay platform, for subsequent screening and mechanism of action studies.

Applications

Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays are powerful tools in functional genomics and drug discovery for assessing cell signaling activities in virtually any mammalian cell type. They are highly suited for assessing the biological impact of siRNAs, proteins, and small molecule compounds.

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Brochures & Guides (1)
For measurement of signaling pathways in any mammalian cell
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Kit Handbooks (1)
For lentiviral-based cell signaling activity assays
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RARE Reporter Assay (luc) Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays
Introduction
The Cignal Lenti Reporter Assays are self-inactivating replication incompetent viral particles. The lentiviral particles are ready to add directly to your cells. The Cignal Lenti RARE Reporter is designed to monitor the activity of retinoic acid receptor (RAR)-activated signal transduction pathways in cultured cells. The RAR-responsive luciferase vector encodes the firefly luciferase reporter gene under the control of a minimal (m)CMV promoter and tandem repeats of the Retinoic Acid Response Element (RARE). We have experimentally optimized the number of response elements as well as the intervening sequence between response elements to maximize the signal to noise ratio. Using a simple luciferase assay, you can easily monitor the activity of RAR-mediated signaling pathways and determine the effect of various treatments, such as gene knockdown, over-expression, and chemical compounds on those pathways. We recommend using the Cignal Lenti Positive Control (GFP) in your initial experiment, in order to establish the optimal multiplicity of infection (MOI) for the cell type being studied.
Name Cignal Lenti RARE Reporter (luc) (CLS-016L)
Official symbol RARG [Human]
Official name retinoic acid receptor, gamma
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 5916
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_000966 (2992 bp), NM_001042728 (2780 bp), NM_001243730 (2666 bp), NM_001243731 (2517 bp), NM_001243732 (2631 bp), XM_940838 (2803 bp), ENST00000552901, XM_005269054 (3067 bp), XM_005269055 (3079 bp), XM_005269056 (2961 bp), XM_005269057 (2807 bp), ENST00000338561, ENST00000394426, ENST00000425354, ENST00000543726
Official symbol Rarg [Mouse]
Official name retinoic acid receptor, gamma
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 19411
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001042727 (2735 bp), NM_011244 (2973 bp), ENSMUST00000155563, XM_006520649 (2694 bp), XM_006520650 (2955 bp), XM_011245525 (2839 bp)
Official symbol RARRES3 [Human]
Official name retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 3
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 5920
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_004585 (779 bp), ENST00000544107, ENST00000255688, ENST00000354445, ENST00000439013
Official symbol RARRES1 [Human]
Official name retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 1
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 5918
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_002888 (886 bp), NM_206963 (1545 bp), ENST00000498640, XM_005247686 (2097 bp), ENST00000237696, ENST00000479756
Official symbol Rarres1 [Mouse]
Official name retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 1
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 109222
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001164763 (1411 bp), XM_001475793 (1495 bp), XM_130987 (1421 bp), XM_904958 (969 bp), XM_973599 (1496 bp), XM_980250 (1421 bp)
Official symbol Rarres1 [Rat]
Official name retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 1
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 310486
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001014790 (1360 bp), XM_227232 (1266 bp)
Official symbol Gprc5a [Mouse]
Official name G protein-coupled receptor, family C, group 5, member A
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 232431
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_181444 (2072 bp), XM_006506038 (2105 bp)
Official symbol GPRC5A [Human]
Official name G protein-coupled receptor, class C, group 5, member A
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 9052
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_003979 (2856 bp), ENST00000542056, ENST00000014914
Official symbol Gprc5a [Rat]
Official name G protein-coupled receptor, class C, group 5, member A
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 312790
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001079890 (2094 bp), XM_001071868 (2205 bp), XM_232477 (2208 bp)
Official symbol Rarres2 [Mouse]
Official name retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 2
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 71660
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_027852 (708 bp), XM_006506623 (774 bp), XM_006506624 (738 bp)
Official symbol RARRES2 [Human]
Official name retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 2
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 5919
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_002889 (767 bp), ENST00000478771, XM_005250033 (531 bp), ENST00000223271, ENST00000466675, ENST00000482669
Official symbol Rarres2 [Rat]
Official name retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 2
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 297073
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001013427 (765 bp), XM_216142 (766 bp), XM_006236415 (708 bp), XM_006236416 (766 bp)
Official symbol Rai1 [Rat]
Official name retinoic acid induced 1
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 303188
Transcript(s) for this gene XM_001077437 (7290 bp), XM_220520 (7290 bp), NM_001271207 (7600 bp), XM_008767818 (5862 bp), XM_008767819 (6792 bp)
Official symbol RAI1 [Human]
Official name retinoic acid induced 1
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 10743
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_030665 (7668 bp), ENST00000582514, ENST00000353383
Official symbol Rai1 [Mouse]
Official name retinoic acid induced 1
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 19377
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001037764 (7125 bp), NM_009021 (7348 bp), ENSMUST00000156902, XM_006532588 (7085 bp), XM_006532589 (6576 bp), XM_006532590 (7431 bp)
Official symbol Rara [Rat]
Official name retinoic acid receptor, alpha
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 24705
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_031528 (2138 bp), XM_008767945 (2714 bp)
Official symbol Rara [Mouse]
Official name retinoic acid receptor, alpha
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 19401
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001176528 (3179 bp), NM_001177302 (3384 bp), NM_001177303 (3129 bp), NM_009024 (3251 bp), ENSMUST00000147985, XM_006532591 (3381 bp), XM_006532592 (3166 bp), XM_006532593 (3271 bp), XM_006532594 (3298 bp), XM_006532595 (2621 bp), XM_006532596 (2716 bp), XM_006532597 (2598 bp), XM_006532598 (2674 bp), XM_011248825 (3536 bp)
Official symbol RARA [Human]
Official name retinoic acid receptor, alpha
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 5914
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_000964 (3301 bp), NM_001024809 (3494 bp), NM_001033603 (2828 bp), NM_001145301 (3413 bp), NM_001145302 (3122 bp), ENST00000582914, XM_005257552 (3284 bp), XM_005257553 (3188 bp), XM_005257554 (3437 bp), XM_005257555 (3240 bp), ENST00000254066, ENST00000394081, ENST00000394086, ENST00000394089, ENST00000425707
Official symbol Rai14 [Mouse]
Official name retinoic acid induced 14
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 75646
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001166408 (4843 bp), NM_030690 (4929 bp), XM_006520187 (4714 bp), XM_006520188 (5029 bp), XM_006520189 (4809 bp), XM_006520190 (4908 bp), XM_006520191 (4725 bp), XM_006520192 (4821 bp)
Official symbol RAI14 [Human]
Official name retinoic acid induced 14
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 26064
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001145520 (5068 bp), NM_001145521 (5181 bp), NM_001145522 (4923 bp), NM_001145523 (4942 bp), NM_001145525 (5362 bp), NM_015577 (5010 bp), ENST00000514931, XM_006714469 (4947 bp), ENST00000265109, ENST00000428746, ENST00000503673, ENST00000506376, ENST00000512629, ENST00000515799
Official symbol Rai14 [Rat]
Official name retinoic acid induced 14
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 294804
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001011947 (4654 bp), XM_215505 (3076 bp), XM_006232060 (5208 bp), XM_006232061 (4781 bp), XM_006232062 (5649 bp), XM_006232063 (5121 bp), XM_006232064 (5034 bp), XM_008760765 (5580 bp)
Official symbol Smyd5 [Mouse]
Official name SET and MYND domain containing 5
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 232187
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_144918 (2507 bp), ENSMUST00000156322, ENSMUST00000130928
Official symbol SMYD5 [Human]
Official name SMYD family member 5
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 10322
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_006062 (2585 bp), ENST00000491204, XM_005264082 (2949 bp), XM_006711917 (2991 bp), XM_006711918 (2662 bp), ENST00000389501, ENST00000629411
Official symbol Smyd5 [Rat]
Official name SMYD family member 5
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 312503
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001107870 (2192 bp), XM_001073891 (2458 bp), XM_232134 (2440 bp)
Official symbol Fam160b2 [Mouse]
Official name family with sequence similarity 160, member B2
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 239170
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_194345 (4051 bp), XM_001000688 (4208 bp), XM_001480783 (4035 bp), XM_139129 (4208 bp), XM_914171 (3927 bp), XM_006518998 (3865 bp)
Official symbol FAM160B2 [Human]
Official name family with sequence similarity 160, member B2
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 64760
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_022749 (3759 bp), ENST00000523633, XM_005273602 (2027 bp), XM_006716381 (3764 bp), XM_006716382 (3877 bp), XM_006716383 (4072 bp), XM_006716384 (3688 bp), XM_006716385 (3593 bp), ENST00000289921
Official symbol Fam160b2 [Rat]
Official name family with sequence similarity 160, member B2
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 306015
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001170474 (3902 bp), XM_001070016 (2895 bp), XM_224339 (2989 bp), XM_006252274 (3038 bp)
Official symbol Rarb [Mouse]
Official name retinoic acid receptor, beta
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 218772
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_011243 (3041 bp), NM_001289760 (3158 bp), NM_001289761 (3077 bp), NM_001289762 (2687 bp), XM_006518007 (3196 bp)
Official symbol RARB [Human]
Official name retinoic acid receptor, beta
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 5915
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_000965 (3222 bp), NM_016152 (2865 bp), ENST00000489694, NM_001290216 (2840 bp), NM_001290217 (2680 bp), NM_001290266 (2865 bp), NM_001290276 (3222 bp), NM_001290277 (3084 bp), NM_001290300 (2686 bp), ENST00000330688, ENST00000437042, ENST00000458646
Official symbol ZMIZ1 [Human]
Official name zinc finger, MIZ-type containing 1
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 57178
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_020338 (7555 bp), ENST00000478357, XM_005269987 (7640 bp), XM_005269988 (7605 bp), XM_006717923 (7602 bp), XM_006717924 (7524 bp), XM_006717925 (4497 bp), ENST00000334512, ENST00000446377, ENST00000611351
Official symbol Zmiz1 [Rat]
Official name zinc finger, MIZ-type containing 1
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 361103
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001108393 (7543 bp), XM_001054961 (4622 bp), XM_341389 (4622 bp), XM_006252537 (20031 bp), XM_006252538 (7567 bp), XM_006252539 (7330 bp)
Official symbol Zmiz1 [Mouse]
Official name zinc finger, MIZ-type containing 1
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 328365
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_183208 (7526 bp), ENSMUST00000162546, XM_006519133 (5754 bp), XM_006519134 (5517 bp), XM_006519135 (5227 bp)
Official symbol Rai2 [Mouse]
Official name retinoic acid induced 2
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 24004
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001103367 (2198 bp), NM_198409 (2276 bp), XM_622964 (2331 bp)
Official symbol RAI2 [Human]
Official name retinoic acid induced 2
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 10742
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001172732 (2079 bp), NM_001172739 (2423 bp), NM_001172743 (2426 bp), NM_021785 (2229 bp), NR_033348 (2502 bp), NR_033349 (2308 bp), XM_006724459 (2522 bp), XM_006724460 (2323 bp), ENST00000331511, ENST00000360011, ENST00000415486, ENST00000451717, ENST00000545871
Official symbol Rai2 [Rat]
Official name retinoic acid induced 2
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 501555
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001109316 (2564 bp), XM_001072471 (2160 bp), XM_576959 (1981 bp), XM_006256893 (2193 bp)
Official symbol Ppp1r13l [Mouse]
Official name protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 13 like
Species Mouse (Mus musculus)
Entrez Gene ID 333654
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001010836 (3130 bp), ENSMUST00000150448, XM_006540126 (3406 bp), XM_006540127 (4246 bp), XM_006540128 (3444 bp), XM_006540129 (3402 bp)
Official symbol PPP1R13L [Human]
Official name protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 13 like
Species Human (Homo sapiens)
Entrez Gene ID 10848
Transcript(s) for this gene NM_001142502 (3122 bp), NM_006663 (3120 bp), ENST00000589858, XM_005258424 (3249 bp), ENST00000360957, ENST00000418234, ENST00000612351
Official symbol Rarb [Rat]
Official name retinoic acid receptor, beta
Species Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Entrez Gene ID 24706
Transcript(s) for this gene XM_001059459 (1536 bp), XM_001059523 (3135 bp), XM_223843 (1279 bp), NM_031529 (3092 bp)

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