miScript PCR Controls
For normalization of real-time PCR results in miRNA quantification in human, mouse, rat, and dog
For accurate and reproducible results in miRNA quantification by real-time PCR, it is necessary to normalize the amount of target miRNA by using a suitable endogenous reference RNA. This is known as relative quantification. miScript PCR Controls are primers that enable normalization of real-time PCR results in miRNA quantification studies using the miScript PCR System. miScript PCR Controls are available for a panel of 5 snoRNAs (SNORD61, SNORD68, SNORD72, SNORD95, and SNORD96A) and the snRNA RNU6B (RNU6-2). These controls are designed taking into consideration sequence homologies in human, mouse, rat, and dog so that the same control can be used for all 4 species. They can be ordered individually at the GeneGlobe Web portal.
miScript Primer Assays designed for a large panel of ncRNAs were evaluated to determine their amplification efficiencies and the variability of expression levels of the target ncRNAs in various cell and tissue types. Sequence conservation between human, mouse, rat, and dog ncRNAs was also studied to design miScript PCR Controls that can be used in all 4 species. miScript Primer Assays for 6 ncRNAs were selected as miScript PCR Controls. They fulfilled the following criteria:
For accurate and reproducible results in real-time PCR analysis, it is necessary to normalize the amount of target miRNA by using a suitable endogenous reference RNA. This is known as relative quantification and is an important control which corrects for factors that could otherwise lead to inaccurate quantification. These factors include variation in quantity of input RNA, possible RNA degradation or presence of inhibitors in the RNA samples, and differences in sample handling. Normalization also allows results from different experiments and samples to be compared directly.
Features of a good control
An ideal endogenous reference RNA for normalization of data in real-time PCR quantification of miRNA should have the following features:
miScript PCR Controls meet the above criteria, enabling the ΔΔCT method of relative quantification of miRNA levels in human, mouse, rat, and dog using the miScript PCR System.
miScript PCR Controls target noncoding RNAs
QIAGEN provides a range of miScript Primer Assays targeting ncRNAs such as snoRNAs and snRNAs. Scientists at QIAGEN have systematically evaluated a wide panel of these miScript Primer Assays for various ncRNAs and selected 6 miScript PCR Controls for 5 snoRNAs and an snRNA (see table below). These controls are also found on every miScript miRNA PCR Array (see figure miScript miRNA PCR Array layout for 96-well plates).
Important Note: The miScript II RT Kit contains 2 buffers: miScript HiFlex Buffer and miScript HiSpec Buffer. The following, previously available miScript PCR Controls cannot be used with cDNA prepared using miScript HiSpec Buffer:
For cDNA prepared using miScript HiSpec Buffer or miScript HiFlex Buffer, we recommend use of any of the updated miScript PCR Controls listed in the table above.
How to choose miScript PCR Controls
Choosing an appropriate miScript PCR Control for an miRNA quantification experiment is similar to choosing an appropriate housekeeping gene for normalization when quantifying mRNA. For each sample type or treatment under study, it is necessary to verify that the miScript PCR Control target ncRNA is not regulated under the experimental conditions. In addition, a miScript PCR Control for an ncRNA that shows a constant level of expression and similar abundance to the target miRNA should be chosen. miScript PCR Controls can be ordered individually at the GeneGlobe Web portal. In addition, they are provided on all miScript miRNA PCR Arrays and miScript miRNA QC PCR Arrays.
ΔΔCT method for relative quantification
The ΔΔCT method is commonly used for relative quantification when working with the miScript PCR System. This comparative method relies on comparing the differences in CT values obtained with normal versus experimental samples. Real-time PCR is performed using a primer (miScript Primer Assay) for the miRNA of interest side by side with reactions using a miScript PCR Control, which detects a snoRNA or snRNA. The threshold cycle (CT) obtained with the miScript PCR Control is used to normalize the data as shown below.
miScript miRNA PCR Array data analysis
The miScript miRNA PCR Array data analysis tool automically performs quantification using the the ∆∆CT method of relative quantification as well as interpretation of the control assays. Results are presented in a tabular format, a scatter plot, a three-dimensional profile, and a volcano plot (when replicates are included). The complimentary analysis tool is individually tailored for each miScript miRNA PCR Array and can be used in a Web-based or Excel format.
miRNA quantification and profiling
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