The Type-it Fast SNP Probe PCR Kit is available in a convenient master mix format consisting of highly specific HotStarTaq Plus Polymerase and a unique SNP genotyping buffer system designed for fast and efficient amplification. The unique kit components provide tight allele clustering and outstanding separation to ensure high call rates, enabling reproducible and accurate results (see table).
High specificity and sensitivity
HotStarTaq Plus DNA Polymerase, provided in the master mix, which ensures highly specific amplification, even with low template amounts. HotStarTaq Plus DNA Polymerase is provided in an inactive state with no polymerase activity at ambient temperatures. This prevents the formation of misprimed products and primer dimers at low temperatures.
Unique buffer system
The Type-it Fast SNP PCR Buffer, also included in the master mix, is specifically designed for fast-cycling SNP genotyping using sequence specific 5'-nuclease probes. The unique composition of the Type-it Fast SNP PCR Buffer ensures highly stringent and specific binding of the allele-specific probe (match probe). This is due to the altered melting behaviour of the probes resulting in a narrower probe melting temperature window. Based on the original QIAGEN PCR Buffer, this innovative formulation enables a high ratio of specific-to-nonspecific primer binding during the short annealing step of every PCR cycle. Owing to a uniquely balanced combination of KCl and (NH4)2SO4, the PCR buffer provides stringent primer annealing conditions over a wider range of annealing temperatures and Mg2+ concentrations than conventional PCR buffers. Optimization of PCR by varying the annealing temperature or the Mg2+ concentration is dramatically reduced and often not required.
Additives in the Type-it Fast SNP PCR buffer, such as Q-Solution, provide reaction conditions for amplification of difficult genomic regions and difficult SNP loci. Innovative Q-Bond technology (for fast cycling) allows SNP genotyping results to be achieved faster (see figure " Mechanism of fast cycling during annealing"). The master mix also contains ROX dye at a concentration compatible with SNP genotyping on all instruments from Applied Biosystems. However, ROX dye is also compatible with other instruments not requiring ROX as a passive reference dye (see table).
|Kit contents ||Features |
|2x Master Mix format* ||Developed for SNP genotyping with TaqMan® MGB probes |
Suitable for use with all cyclers suitable for SNP genotyping
|HotStarTaq Plus DNA Polymerase ||Fast and easy reaction setup at room temperature |
Highly specific amplification, even with low template amounts
|Type-it Fast SNP Probe PCR Buffer ||Wide separation of genotype clusters |
Tight allele clusters and high allele calling rates
Increased specificity in probe binding
Fast cycling due to Q-Bond Molecule
|Q-Solution ||Tighter clusters and higher signals in scatter plot analysis for highly GC-rich SNP loci |
Can further improve suboptimal allele calling