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QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits

For preparation of stranded whole transcriptome RNA-seq libraries for NGS applications on Illumina instruments, including optional purification of poly A+ RNA from total RNA
    • Stranded, high-quality RNA-seq libraries for transcriptome analysis
    • Only 100–5000 ng of total RNA or 1–100 ng of poly-A+ enriched RNA required
    • No need for actinomycin D and dUTP digestion for stranded library prep
    • Includes QIAseq Beads and dual-barcoded sample adapter plates
    • Compatible with fresh, as well as FFPE samples

QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits provide a superior method for generating Illumina compatible RNA-seq libraries from total RNA or mRNA enriched samples. For applications such as gene expression, fusion gene or mutation detection, QIAseq Stranded mRNA Select Kits include an optimized mRNA enrichment protocol with all the reagents and components required to build high-quality RNA-seq libraries. QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits use a unique protocol, which does not require actinomycin D to retain strand specificity or dUTP to ensure stranded library construction, thereby ensuring highly sensitive detection of low-expression RNA molecules with increased complexity and transcript coverage. QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits use CleanStart HiFi PCR Mastermix to ensure high-fidelity amplification of libraries and to protect from PCR contamination. CleanStart HiFi PCR Mastermix is included in each kit or can be used separately with other library preparation methods.

Cat No./ID: 180743
QIAseq Stranded Total RNA Lib Kit (24)
 
1.299,00 €
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For strand-specific RNA-seq library preparation of 24 samples: Kits include magnetized reaction cleanup beads and sample index adapters for Illumina NGS platforms
Cat No./ID: 180745
QIAseq Stranded Total RNA Lib Kit (96)
 
3.898,00 €
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For strand-specific RNA-seq library preparation of 96 samples: Kits include magnetized reaction cleanup beads and sample index adapters for Illumina NGS platforms
Cat No./ID: 180773
QIAseq Stranded mRNA Select Kit (24) 
1.299,00 €
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For mRNA enrichment and strand-specific RNA-seq library preparation of 24 samples: Kits include magnetized reaction cleanup beads and sample index adapters for Illumina NGS platforms

Cat No./ID: 180775
QIAseq Stranded mRNA Select Kit (96) 
3.998,00 €
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For mRNA enrichment and strand-specific RNA-seq library preparation of 96 samples: Kits include magnetized reaction cleanup beads and sample index adapters for Illumina NGS platforms

Cat No./ID: 180795
QIAseq CleanStart PCR Kit (100)
349,00 €
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For 100 reactions: Includes reagents for amplification of NGS libraries using Hi-Fidelity DNA polymerase

QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits are intended for molecular biology applications. These products are not intended for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease.


0
RNA-seq Data from Highly Degraded RNA.
RNA was isolated from human non-small cell lung cancer FFPE samples using the QIAGEN RNeasy FFPE Kit. Ribosomal RNA was depleted from the isolated RNA using the Ribo-Zero Gold rRNA Removal Kit from Illumina. Depleted rRNA samples were checked for ribosomal integrity numbers (RIN) using the Agilent Bioanyalizer. To construct an RNA-seq library using the QIAseq Kit, 10 ng of rRNA depleted FFPE RNA with a RIN of 2 was used. RNA-seq libraries were sequenced on the Illumina MiSeq instrument and reads were mapped to the GRCh38 human reference genome using CLC Genomics Workbench v10. [A] Even exon coverage of FFPE RNA was observed. Normalized expression data (uniquely mapped read pairs to exons) for different transcript expression levels were plotted against the exon regions (transcript size normalization). Very low bias was detected across the gene body. [B] A high proportion of protein coding RNA was mapped from FFPE samples. Highly degraded FFPE RNA samples show a high proportion of reads mapped to protein coding regions, which can be used to determine transcript expression, as well as lincRNA (long intergenic noncoding RNA).
1
Reproducible Transcript Profiles with Different RNA Input Amounts.
mRNA was captured from different amounts of UHRR Reference RNA (Agilent) (100, 500, 1000 or 5000 ng) and used to generate QIAseq Stranded mRNA-seq libraries for sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq instrument. After the alignment of the RNA-seq NGS reads to the GRCh38 human reference genome using CLC Genomics Workbench, the expression values for annotated transcripts were calculated using the TPM (Transcripts Per Million) normalization method. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated for technical replicates with similar or different RNA input amounts of UHRR RNA. QIAseq Stranded RNA-seq libraries show a high degree of correlation (R2 >0.99) between technical replicates, as well with different amounts of starting RNA.
2
Preparation of Stranded RNA-seq Libraries in 1 Day.
Stranded RNA-seq libraries can be prepared in just 4–5 h using the QIAseq Stranded Total RNA and QIAseq Stranded mRNA Select Kits, with only 3 h of hands-on time. The compressed total protocol time allows subsequent library QC steps and start of an NGS run on any Illumina NGS instrument in just one working day.
3
RNA Biotype Distribution: High Efficiency of mRNA Enrichment Protocol.
UHRR RNA (Agilent) was used to prepare RNA-seq libraries with the QIAseq Stranded mRNA Select Kit or with a stranded RNA-seq kit from Supplier N. RNA-seq libraries were generated with 50 ng mRNA as starting material, sequenced on the Illumina MiSeq instrument and reads were aligned to the GRCh38 human reference genome. The RNA biotype distribution of uniquely aligned reads was analyzed with the HTSeq-count tool. Supplier N and the QIAseq Stranded RNA libraries show a very high fraction of reads, with more than 96% of reads mapped to protein coding regions. These results are indicative of the high efficiency and specificity of the QIAseq mRNA enrichment and library construction steps.
4
High Library Complexity and Low Duplication Rates.
QIAseq Kits and kits from Supplier N were used to generate stranded RNA-seq libraries from 100 ng, 500 ng and 1000 ng of UHRR RNA (Agilent). These libraries were sequenced on the Illumina MiSeq instrument and reads were aligned to the GRCh38 human reference genome with CLC Genomics Workbench v10 with the RNA-seq plugin. PICARD tools allowed the analysis of duplication rates and estimated library yields, which are direct indicators of the library complexity. [A] Duplication rates are used to measure the proportion of duplicated reads with identical start and end sequences, which are increased in NGS libraries with low-input amounts and higher numbers of PCR cycles. Compared to libraries from Supplier N, QIAseq Stranded RNA-seq libraries show significantly lower duplication rates, which is indicative of high library complexity. The unique protocol included with the QIAseq Stranded mRNA Select Kits results in more usable gene expression data. [B] Estimated library yields are also indicators of library complexity. QIAseq Stranded RNA-seq libraries show significantly higher estimated library yields, demonstrating a more complex library and more usable NGS data in comparison to Supplier N. This suggests that deeper reads will results in more data from QIAseq Stranded RNA-seq libraries.
Performance
QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits provide a superior method for generating high-quality RNA-seq libraries compatible with Illumina sequencers in just 4–5 hours (see figures "Preparation of Stranded RNA-seq Libraries in 1 Day" and "Reproducible Transcript Profiles with Different RNA Input Amounts"). Compared to kits from alternative suppliers, QIAseq Kits ensure high library complexity with low duplication rates, as well as high yields of libaries (see figure "High Library Complexity and Low Duplication Rates"). When using the highly optimized QIAseq mRNA enrichment protocol, more than 96% of the reads are mapped to protein coding regions, which is indicative of the high efficiency and specificity of the QIAseq mRNA enrichment and library construction steps (see figure "RNA Biotype Distribution: High Efficiency of mRNA Enrichment Protocol"). High-quality RNA-seq data is generated, even from highly degraded FFPE samples (see figure "RNA-seq Data from Highly Degraded RNA").

High mapping quality with different data analysis pipelines
QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits ensure high rates of uniquely mapped reads, allowing you to optimize the amount of reads you can use for your downstream NGS data analysis and help to save time and costs (see tables below).

CLC Genomics Workbench v10
   QIAseq experiment 1  QIAseq experiment 2
 Reads mapped in pairs 91.86% 92.28%
 Reads mapped in broken pairs 4.84% 4.47%
 Reads not mapped 3.29% 3.25%
 Total 100 100
STAR Aligner
 %  QIAseq experiment 1  QIAseq experiment 2
 Uniquely mapped reads 92.02%  91.69%
 Reads mapped to multiple loci 4.51%  4.55%
 Reads mapped to too many loci 0.05%  0.05%
 Reads mapped: Too short 3.38%  3.68%
 Reads mapped: Other 0.04%  0.04%
 Total 100 100

Superior Lower limit of Detection (LoD)
QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits show high levels of sensitivity with regards to the detection of low-abundance transcripts. Even minimal amounts of RNA molecules lead to sufficient NGS reads, which ensures accurate transcript identification from low-expression genes.

High library complexity with low duplication rates
Highly optimized enzymology with optimized protocols result in RNA-seq libraries with high complexity and minimal duplication. This ensures that QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits deliver the maximum amount of data from each sample, even when starting with low amounts of RNA.

New CleanStart PCR formulation actively removes contaminants
The CleanStart PCR enrichment step uses a high-fidelity DNA polymerase to ensure accurate amplification of your RNA-seq library, while also providing an integrated method to remove PCR contamination.
Principle

QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits enable fast, efficient and accurate NGS library construction from not only high-quality mRNA, but also low-quality fragmented total RNA of various origins. After an optional RNA fragmentation step, the reverse transcription step generates first strand cDNA.

Strand specificity is ensured due to optimized combinations of RT enzyme and buffer provided by QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits, removing the need to use toxic reagents such as actinomycin D. In the second strand synthesis step, a special combination of enzymes with carefully adapted buffer formulations allow the degradation of RNA, the generation of a second cDNA strand and the generation of blunt DNA ends and A-base addition necessary for efficient ligation of the Illumina compatible adapters. The special strand-specific ligation step of the QIAseq Stranded RNA Kit protocol ensures strand specificity without the need for additional reagents or laborious and time-consuming protocol steps. The included adapter plates with dual index technology can be used for the sequencing of multiple samples (up to 96). The CleanStart PCR mix efficiently amplifies the generated RNA-seq library irrespective of high GC or AT sequences, and also degenerates contaminating material such as previously generated NGS libraries. The paramagnetic QIAseq Beads included with kits provide fast and efficient reaction cleanup between protocol steps. High-quality RNA-seq libraries can be generated in just 4–5 hours.

Procedure
RNA fragmentation and reverse transcription

The RNA fragmentation step using the reverse transcription buffer ensures the generation of RNA libraries with optimal insert sizes. The fragment size can be adapted by shorter or longer incubation times. The protocol also allows the use of input RNA that has already been fragmented, as well as heavily degraded low-quality FFPE RNA. In the reverse transcription step, optimized RT enzyme and buffer formulations ensure strand specificity during cDNA generation. Toxic reagents such as actinomycin D, which negatively affects reverse transcription efficiency, is not required.

Second strand synthesis / end-repair / A-addition

The enzyme mix and buffer formulation are optimized to complete second strand synthesis, end-repair and A-addition in a very short time. First, RNA molecules are degraded. Next, cDNA molecules are used as templates to generate a second cDNA strand. Then, blunt double-stranded DNA is generated. Finally, an A-nucleotide is added to the 5' end of the cDNA. A modification of dexoynucleotides, which is needed with the dUTP method, is not required and ensures optimal efficiency of cDNA generation.

Illumina compatible adapter ligation

Strand-specific ligation of Illumina compatible adapters enables fast and efficient generation of RNA-seq libraries with cDNA prepared from the previous library preparation step. The strand-origin information of the initial RNA can be maintained without additional reagents, modified nucleotides or protocol steps. The included ready-to-use adapter plates allow the sequencing of up to 96 different samples by the combination of a unique 8-nucleotide i5 and i7 index barcode.

CleanStart PCR enrichment

The QIAGEN proprietary CleanStart PCR Mix efficiently and uniformly amplifies the RNA-seq library regardless of the G/C content of the template, while also protecting against PCR contamination. The combination of an optimized buffer formulation and a Hotstart HiFi polymerase enzyme ensures low mutation rates and high processivity for the enrichment of an RNA-seq library. The CleanStart decontamination step allows the removal of contaminating material, such as previously generated NGS libraries, to maximize sample purity.

Applications

QIAseq Stranded RNA Library Kits generate RNA-seq libraries from low RNA amounts of various origins and species. The resulting highly complex and strand-specific NGS libraries, in combination with the decontaminating properties of the CleanStart PCR Mix, allow the analysis of even low-abundance transcripts with high sensitivity. The streamlined, 4–5 hour protocol allows the generation of NGS libraries, library QC measurements and the start of an NGS sequencing run in just one working day.