For highly reliable end-point PCR applications with unrivaled ease of use

  • Storage at 4°C allows immediate reaction setup
  • Convenient room-temperature handling
  • A single, preoptimized protocol suitable for all PCR assays
  • High yields of specifically amplified DNA
TopTaq DNA Polymerase combines a number of convenient and unique features to provide unrivaled ease of use and ensure high DNA yields in a wide range of PCR applications. The unique TopTaq Stabilizer included in the enzyme storage buffer allows storage of TopTaq DNA Polymerase at 4°C and reaction setup at room temperature without time-consuming thawing of reagents. CoralLoad Concentrate, which contains two gel-tracking dyes for easier pipetting visualization and immediate gel-loading of PCR products, is also provided. High yields of PCR products are achieved, even when amplifying a range of different sized products using the same Mg2+ concentrations and annealing temperatures.
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TopTaq DNA Polymerase (50)
50 units TopTaq DNA Polymerase (proprietary recombinant polymerase isolated from a thermophilic eubacterium), 10x PCR Buffer (contains 15 mM MgCl2), 10x CoralLoad Concentrate, 5x Q-Solution, 25 mM MgCl2
200201
$20.10
TopTaq DNA Polymerase (250)
250 units TopTaq DNA Polymerase (proprietary recombinant polymerase isolated from a thermophilic eubacterium), 10x PCR Buffer (contains 15 mM MgCl2), 10x CoralLoad Concentrate, 5x Q-Solution, 25 mM MgCl2
200203
$88.30
TopTaq DNA Polymerase (1000)
4 x 250 units TopTaq DNA Polymerase (proprietary recombinant polymerase isolated from a thermophilic eubacterium), 10x PCR Buffer (contains 15 mM MgCl2), 10x CoralLoad Concentrate, 5x Q-Solution, 25 mM MgCl2
200205
$316.00
TopTaq DNA Polymerase (5000)
5000 units TopTaq DNA Polymerase (proprietary recombinant polymerase isolated from a thermophilic eubacterium; supplied in a single vial), 10x TopTaq PCR Buffer (contains 15 mM MgCl2), 10x CoralLoad Concentrate, 5x Q-Solution, 25 mM MgCl2
200207
$1,442.00
The TopTaq DNA Polymerase is intended for molecular biology applications. This product is not intended for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of a disease.

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Convenient CoralLoad Concentrate.|TopTaq procedure.|High yields of PCR product without optimization.|Increased specificity of primer annealing.|Stabilization at 4°C.|
[A] CoralLoad Concentrate contains two gel-tracking dyes, enabling immediate gel loading of PCR products for [B] easy visualization of DNA migration.|Due to the unique proprietary TopTaq Stabilizer contained in the enzyme storage buffer, TopTaq DNA Polymerase is the first PCR kit that can be stored at 4°C. TopTaq Stabilizer binds to TopTaq DNA Polymerase, preventing polymerase inactivation. Template DNA and primers are also prevented from binding to the polymerase at low temperatures. During the initial denaturation step, the TopTaq Stabilizer freely dissociates from the polymerase without compromising polymerase activity. This added convenience allows immediate reaction setup without the use of ice — saving the time usually required for reagent thawing.|[A] TopTaq DNA Polymerase was used to amplify 14 different PCR products from mammalian genomic DNA ranging in size from 100 bp to 2 kb according to the standard preoptimized protocol and using identical cycling conditions. [B] The same four targets (shown in lanes 11–14) were amplified under identical cycling conditions using DNA polymerases from the indicated suppliers. TopTaq DNA Polymerase (QIAGEN) resulted in high yields of specific PCR products, regardless of fragment size.|Ammonium and potassium cations in QIAGEN PCR Buffers increase specificity of primer annealing. K+ binds to the phosphate groups (P) on the DNA backbone, stabilizing the annealing of the primers to the template. NH4+, which exists both as the ammonium ion and as ammonia under thermal-cycling conditions, can interact with the hydrogen bonds between the bases (B), destabilizing the weak hydrogen bonds at mismatched bases. The combined effect of the two cations maintains a high ratio of specific-to-nonspecific primer-template binding over a wide temperature range.|[A] TopTaq DNA Polymerase is stable at 4°C or room temperature due to the presence of low-molecular-weight molecules (TopTaq Stabilizer) on the surface of the polymerase. [B] At higher temperatures, the TopTaq Stabilizer completely dissociates from the polymerase without compromising polymerase activity.|
Performance
TopTaq DNA Polymerase is used for standard and specialized end-point PCR applications. TopTaq DNA Polymerase is the first PCR kit that can be stored at 4°C. TopTaq Stabilizer (contained in the enzyme storage buffer) binds to TopTaq DNA Polymerase, preventing polymerase inactivation during long-term storage. During the initial denaturation step, the TopTaq Stabilizer dissociates from the polymerase without compromising polymerase activity. TopTaq DNA Polymerase outperformed DNA polymerases tested from other suppliers and ensures high yields of specific products, even when using low template amounts, and independent of fragment size (see figure "High PCR product yields without optimization).
Principle

TopTaq DNA Polymerase is a recombinant 94 kDa thermostable DNA Polymerase. TopTaq DNA Polymerase has been developed by QIAGEN to provide highly reliable end-point PCR with unrivaled ease of use. Until the development of the TopTaq PCR system, all PCR enzymes required storage at –20°C; however, due to the unique proprietary TopTaq Stabilizer contained in the enzyme storage buffer, TopTaq DNA Polymerase is the first PCR kit that can be stored at 4°C. 

High-yield amplification

TopTaq DNA Polymerase, in combination with the innovative TopTaq PCR Buffer, facilitates amplification of specific PCR products by providing a high ratio of specific-to-nonspecific primer binding. Owing to a uniquely balanced combination of KCl and (NH4)2SO4, the PCR buffer provides stringent primer-annealing conditions over a wider range of annealing temperatures and Mg2+ concentrations than conventional PCR buffers (see figure "Increased specificity of primer annealing"). The need to optimize PCR by varying the annealing temperature or the Mg2+ concentration is dramatically reduced, or often not required. Thus, TopTaq DNA Polymerase provides the same reliability and specificity as Taq DNA Polymerase and additionally offers improved performance in some PCR systems — resulting in higher yields of PCR products (see figure "High yields of PCR product without optimization").

TopTaq Stabilizer

TopTaq Stabilizer binds to TopTaq DNA Polymerase at 4°C and room temperature, preventing polymerase denaturation during long-term storage. Template DNA and primers are also prevented from binding to the polymerase at low temperature. During the initial denaturation step, the TopTaq Stabilizer dissociates from the polymerase without compromising polymerase activity (see figure "Stabilization at 4°C").

CoralLoad Concentrate

For enhanced convenience, TopTaq DNA Polymerase is supplied with CoralLoad Concentrate. CoralLoad Concentrate contains a gel-loading reagent and two gel-tracking dyes. This unique reagent improves pipetting visibility and facilitates estimation of DNA migration distance and optimization of agarose gel run time. When using CoralLoad Concentrate, PCR products can be directly loaded onto an agarose gel without prior addition of loading buffer (see figure "Convenient CoralLoad Concentrate").

Optimized protocol and buffer

With its balanced potassium and ammonium ions, the unique PCR Buffer, used in combination with TopTaq DNA Polymerase, promotes  specific primer–template annealing and simultaneously reduces nonspecific annealing. Maximum yields of specific products are obtained even when using low template amounts.The unique buffer formulation and single preoptimized protocol eliminate the need for optimization of experimental parameters for individual-primer template systems, saving time and costs. High yields of specific amplification product are achieved, even when amplifying a range of fragments of different sizes using the same Mg2+ concentration and annealing temperature (see figure "High PCR product yields without optimization").

Q-Solution

This innovative PCR additive facilitates amplification of difficult templates by modifying the melting behavior of DNA. Use of this unique reagent will often enable or improve suboptimal PCR. Unlike DMSO and other PCR additives, Q-Solution is used at a defined working concentration with any primer-template system and is not toxic.

Procedure

Due to the unique proprietary TopTaq Stabilizer contained in the enzyme storage buffer, TopTaq DNA Polymerase is the first PCR kit that can be stored routinely at 4°C. During the initial denaturation step, the TopTaq Stabilizer freely dissociates from the polymerase without compromising polymerase activity. This added convenience allows immediate reaction setup without the use of ice — saving the time usually required for reagent thawing (see flowchart "TopTaq procedure"). All components can be combined  at room temperature eliminating the need for working on ice. The unique buffer formulation and a single preoptimized protocol eliminate the need for optimization of  experimental parameters for individual primer–template systems.

Applications
TopTaq DNA Polymerase is highly suited to all end-point PCR applications.
Feature
Specifications
Applications PCR, RT-PCR, DNA fingerprinting
dNTP's included No
Enzyme activity 5' -> 3' exonuclease activity
Mastermix No
Reaction type PCR amplification
Real-time or endpoint Endpoint
Sample/target type Genomic DNA and cDNA
Single or multiplex Single
Storage conditions Fridge storage and room temperature setup
With/without hotstart Without Hotstart

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Kit Handbooks
2
For standard and specialized end-point PCR applications without the need for optimization
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スタンダードから特殊用途までの至適化不要のエンドポイントPCR
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