text.skipToContent text.skipToNavigation

therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit

 

For sensitive detection of clinically proven somatic mutations in the EGFR oncogene, on cfDNA (circulating-free DNA) extracted from plasma samples

  • First companion diagnostic kit based on liquid biopsies
  • Compliance with EU IVD Directive 98/79/EC
  • Sensitive, robust test that can detect low levels of mutant cfDNA
  • Ready-to-use system with simple workflow
  • Highly selective and sensitive ARMS and Scorpions PCR technologies

The therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit is an in vitro diagnostic test for the detection of exon 19 deletions and exons 20 and 21 substitutions (T790M and L858R respectively) in the EGFR gene and will provide a qualitative assessment of the mutation status.  Results are intended to aid the clinician in identifying patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who may benefit from treatment with IRESSA (gefitinib), from cfDNA extracted from plasma sample when a tissue sample cannot be evaluated. The kit provides all necessary reagents, optimized for rapid and sensitive detection of a low percentage of mutant cfDNA in a background of wild-type cfDNA. ARMS PCR technology combined with the Scorpions detection technology provides exceptionally high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of specific mutations.

Cat No./ID: 870311
therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit (24) CE
For 24 reactions: 1 Control Assay, 3 Mutation Assays, Positive Control, Taq DNA Polymerase
The therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit is intended for in vitro diagnostic use in Europe.
Principle

The therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit enables detection of clinically proven somatic mutations in the EGFR gene on cfDNA extracted from plasma of NSCLC patients. The EGFR gene encodes the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) protein. Mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the EGFR gene can enable tumor growth and progression. EGFR mutations are found in approximately 10% of NSCLC incidence in the US and 35% in East Asia. Additionally, EGFR mutations are found in 6% of brain tumors.

The therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit is a ready-to-use kit for the detection of mutations in the EGFR cancer-related gene using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) including:

  • Deletions in exon 19
  • T790M
  • L858R

The methods used are highly selective and, depending on the total amount of cfDNA present, enable detection of a low percentage of mutant in a background of wild-type cfDNA.

The kit utilizes two technologies — ARMS (Amplification Refractory Mutation System) and Scorpions — for detection of mutations using real-time PCR on the Rotor-Gene Q MDx instrument.

ARMS

Allele- or mutation-specific amplification is achieved by ARMS. Taq DNA polymerase is effective at distinguishing between a match and a mismatch at the 3' end of a PCR primer. Specific mutated sequences are selectively amplified, even in samples where the majority of the sequences do not carry the mutation. When the primer is fully matched, the amplification proceeds with full efficiency. When the 3' base is mismatched, only low-level background amplification occurs.

Scorpions

Detection of amplification is performed using Scorpions. Scorpions are bifunctional molecules containing a PCR primer covalently linked to a probe. The fluorophore in this probe interacts with a quencher, also incorporated into the probe, that reduces fluorescence. When the probe binds to the amplicon during PCR, the fluorophore and quencher become separated. This leads to an increase in fluorescence from the reaction tube.

Procedure

The therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit uses a one-step procedure. This step is to complete the mutation assay for the presence or absence of mutated cfDNA.

Applications

The therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit enables detection of clinically proven somatic mutations in the EGFR gene on cfDNA extracted from plasma of NSCLC patients. The EGFR gene encodes the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) protein. Mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the EGFR gene can enable tumor growth and progression. EGFR mutations are found in approximately 10% of NSCLC incidence in the US and 35% in East Asia. Additionally, EGFR mutations are found in 6% of brain tumors.

The therascreen EGFR Plasma RGQ PCR Kit is a ready-to-use kit for the detection of mutations in the EGFR cancer-related gene using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) including:

  • Deletions in exon 19
  • T790M
  • L858R

You are not authorized to download the resource

fragment fix placeholder

Customers who bought these products also bought